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How to Get Over a Toxic Relationship When You Still Love Them

How to Get Over a Toxic Relationship When You Still Love Them

Navigating the end of a toxic relationship is a challenging journey, especially when feelings of love linger. Understanding the dynamics of such relationships through an attachment lens and taking concrete steps to move forward can help you reclaim your well-being and emotional health. This article aims to explore the nature of toxic relationships, identify the signs, and offer strategies informed by the latest therapy methods to help you get through the difficult process of moving on.

Understanding Toxic Relationships 

A toxic relationship is characterized by behaviors that are emotionally and sometimes physically damaging, often creating a cycle of negativity that is hard to break. These relationships frequently involve patterns of manipulation, control, and a profound lack of respect or empathy, which can be understood through the lens of attachment theory. Individuals with insecure attachment styles, such as anxious or avoidant, may be more prone to engaging in or tolerating toxic behaviors in relationships.

Manipulation can manifest in various ways, such as guilt-tripping, gaslighting, and playing the victim to sway the other partner’s behavior. These tactics often stem from deep-seated fears of abandonment or intimacy, leading to maladaptive coping mechanisms. Control might include monitoring your activities, isolating you from friends and family, or making decisions on your behalf without your consent, which can be seen as attempts to regulate the attachment system and maintain a sense of security.

In toxic relationships, one or both partners might use subtle or overt tactics to maintain power. For instance, a toxic partner might employ passive-aggressive behavior, where resentment is expressed indirectly through stubbornness, sullenness, or deliberate failure to accomplish requested tasks. This can be a manifestation of an avoidant attachment style, where emotional needs are suppressed and expressed indirectly. Another common tactic is the use of love-bombing—overwhelming someone with affection and attention to gain control—followed by sudden withdrawal of that affection, leaving the other person confused and off-balance. This push-pull dynamic is often associated with an anxious attachment style, where the fear of losing the partner leads to intense emotional reactions and a desperate need for reassurance.

The environment created by these behaviors significantly compromises emotional well-being and can lead to attachment injuries, which are deep emotional wounds that occur when a partner fails to respond with empathy and support in times of need. Over time, you might find yourself questioning your self-worth and doubting your perception of reality due to constant gaslighting, where your partner denies your experiences and feelings. This can lead to a deterioration of self-esteem, making it harder to leave the relationship as you start believing you don’t deserve better or that the relationship’s dynamics are normal.

Furthermore, the impact on mental health can be severe, leading to issues such as anxiety, depression, and even post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The chronic stress and emotional turmoil caused by a toxic relationship can also manifest physically, resulting in symptoms like headaches, fatigue, and gastrointestinal problems. The erosion of your sense of self and persistent stress can drain your emotional resources, making it difficult to maintain other relationships and engage in daily activities. Trauma-informed therapy approaches, such as Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) or Somatic Experiencing, can be particularly helpful in addressing the deep-seated emotional wounds and physiological effects of toxic relationships.

Signs of a Toxic Relationship 

Recognizing the signs of a toxic relationship is the first step toward making a change. These signs often present themselves in various ways and can affect different aspects of your life and well-being. Common indicators, viewed through an attachment lens, include:

  • Constant Criticism and Contempt: Frequent negative remarks, whether subtle or overt, can erode your self-worth over time. This might involve belittling comments about your appearance, intelligence, or abilities, often disguised as “jokes.” Contemptuous behavior, such as eye-rolling, sneering, or mocking, further undermines your confidence and sense of self. Over time, this constant barrage of negativity can make you internalize these criticisms, leading to diminished self-esteem and self-doubt. 
  • Emotional Manipulation: This includes tactics like guilt-tripping, gaslighting, and playing the victim to control or influence your behavior. Guilt-tripping might involve making you feel responsible for their happiness or well-being, compelling you to act against your own interests. Gaslighting, a particularly insidious form of manipulation, involves making you question your own memories and perceptions. For example, your partner might insist that events you clearly remember never happened or were imagined, causing you to doubt your sanity. These tactics can distort your reality and make it difficult to trust your own judgment. 
  • Lack of Support: A toxic partner often fails to support your goals, interests, and achievements, making you feel isolated and undervalued. They might dismiss your aspirations as unimportant or unrealistic, refuse to celebrate your successes, or even sabotage your efforts. This lack of support can extend to everyday activities and decisions, leaving you feeling lonely and disconnected. Over time, you might find yourself giving up on your goals and passions, believing that they are not worthwhile. In attachment terms, this lack of support can be seen as a failure to provide a secure base from which you can explore the world and pursue your interests, leading to a sense of disconnection and emotional isolation.
  • Jealousy and Possessiveness: Excessive jealousy and controlling behavior can lead to feelings of suffocation and fear. A toxic partner might constantly question your whereabouts, demand access to your phone and social media accounts, and isolate you from friends and family under the guise of protecting the relationship. This control can manifest as forbidding you from seeing certain people or engaging in activities that they perceive as threatening. Such behavior can create a climate of fear and mistrust, where you feel unable to act freely or make decisions without their approval. 
  • Unresolved Conflicts: Persistent arguments without resolution can create a hostile and stressful environment. In a toxic relationship, conflicts are often characterized by a lack of constructive communication. Rather than working towards a resolution, arguments might involve shouting, name-calling, or bringing up past grievances to deflect from the current issue. This pattern of unresolved conflict can lead to a constant state of tension and anxiety, making it difficult to relax or feel secure in the relationship. Over time, this chronic stress can have serious implications for your mental and physical health. 

Ways to Get Out of a Toxic Relationship 

When You Still Love Them Moving on from a toxic relationship while still having feelings for your partner can be incredibly difficult. However, there are steps you can take, informed by the latest therapy methods and an attachment perspective, to help you through this transition:

  • Acknowledge Your Feelings: It’s important to accept that it’s okay to still love someone who was toxic for you. Emotions are complex, and love doesn’t disappear overnight. Acknowledging your feelings can be the first step in processing them. Try journaling your thoughts to gain clarity and validate your emotions. Writing down your experiences and feelings can help you process the relationship’s impact and see patterns you might not have noticed before. Mindfulness-based approaches, such as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), can be particularly helpful in learning to observe and accept your emotions without judgment, allowing you to move forward with greater clarity and self-compassion.
  • Seek Support: Reach out to friends, family, or a mental health professional who specializes in attachment-based and trauma-informed approaches. Having a support system can provide you with the emotional backing you need to navigate this challenging time. Joining a support group for people who have been in similar situations can be particularly helpful. Hearing others’ stories and sharing your own can reduce feelings of isolation and provide practical advice for coping and healing. A therapist trained in Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) can help you understand your attachment needs and develop healthier ways of relating to others.
  • Set Boundaries: Establishing clear boundaries with your ex-partner is crucial. This might mean cutting off contact entirely or limiting interactions to necessary communication only. If you share responsibilities, such as co-parenting or joint financial obligations, consider using a mediator to handle discussions. Tools like co-parenting apps can help you manage necessary communication without falling back into old, unhealthy patterns. Setting boundaries is an essential part of learning to prioritize your own needs and well-being, which is a key aspect of developing a more secure attachment style.
  • Focus on Self-Care: Engage in activities that nurture your well-being. Exercise, meditation, hobbies, and spending time with loved ones can help you reconnect with yourself and rebuild your self-esteem. Develop a self-care routine that includes daily practices like mindfulness exercises, regular physical activity, and creative outlets. Experiment with different activities to find what genuinely brings you peace and joy. Self-compassion practices, such as those taught in Compassion-Focused Therapy (CFT), can be particularly helpful in learning to treat yourself with kindness and understanding during this challenging time.
  • Reflect and Learn: Take time to reflect on the relationship and identify unhealthy patterns. Consider working with a therapist specializing in attachment-based and trauma-informed approaches, such as Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT). Processing early experiences, learning new ways of relating, and addressing trauma using techniques like Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) can help you develop a more secure attachment style. Through this work, you’ll gain insight into why you were drawn to a toxic relationship, learn to set boundaries, and prioritize your well-being. 
  • Create New Routines: Developing new habits and routines can help you break away from the past and create a sense of normalcy. It might be helpful to explore new interests or revisit old hobbies that bring you joy. Redefine your daily schedule to include activities that promote personal growth, such as taking up a new class, volunteering, or joining social clubs. This can help fill the void left by the relationship and provide a sense of purpose. Creating new routines can also help you establish a sense of stability and predictability, which is essential for developing a more secure attachment style.
  • Be Patient with Yourself: Healing takes time. Allow yourself to grieve the loss of the relationship and be patient with your progress. Celebrate small victories along the way. Understand that setbacks are a natural part of the healing process. If you find yourself struggling, remind yourself of the progress you’ve made and the reasons why you left the toxic relationship in the first place. Self-compassion and mindfulness practices can be particularly helpful in learning to be patient and understanding with yourself during this process.

Getting over a toxic relationship when you still love your partner is a gradual process that requires self-compassion and support. By recognizing the signs of toxicity, seeking help from attachment-informed and trauma-focused therapists, and focusing on self-care, you can begin to move forward and create a healthier, more fulfilling life for yourself.

Remember, the journey is unique for everyone, and taking one step at a time is key to building a brighter future. With the right support and a commitment to self-discovery and personal growth, it is possible to break free from the cycle of toxicity and cultivate more secure, loving relationships.

Sources

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2158244019846693

https://publications.aap.org/pediatrics/article/138/6/e20163020/52651/Helping-Children-and-Families-Deal-With-Divorce?autologincheck=redirected

https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/18/5/2294